Militarization of Africa – (Cont’d)

Militarization of Africa – (Cont’d)

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When Nicole Lee (executive director of Trans African  Forum) observed that US Military Policy towards Africa was neither wise nor productive, I was particularly  surprised that African leaders and AU succumbed to such hideous programmes like Afrocom or Amison that robbed the continent its sovereignty at a time when African leaders like Thambo Mbeki gave lip service  to the ideals of African renaissance.
Organisation of African Unity OAU was established on May 26 1963 in Addis Ababa by representatives of 32 governments.  Since that time, additional 21 states have joined gradually with South Africa becoming the 53rd member in 1994.  Since its establishment 53 years ago, the OAU Charter which spells out non-interference has not been amended or reviewed in order to streamline it’s charter in order to meet the challenges that now face African states.  The AU charter review committee has not formulated substantive amendments to mitigate internal conflicts which led to genocide in Rwanda, Boko Haram in Nigeria, Chad, conflict, Somali, Bukina Fasso or Somali.
AU approval of a regional force for South Sudan has no power or capacity to intervene in the internal matters of a sovereign state
Thus, as shown in local print media, AU approval of a regional force for South Sudan has no power or capacity to intervene in the internal matters of a sovereign state (see Article III of the OAU).  “This thing cannot be imposed on us without our  consent” (Nation 20-07-2016).  It is further clarified that even the UN has  no control  over activities of President Salva Kiir and his rival, vice president Riek Machar.  As the media observes “The UN doesn’t have the mandate to impose peace as quoted from AU Peace and Security Commissioner Small Chergul at AU Summit in Rwanda.  African Union has been reduced to a club run for the benefit of its members i.e. heads of states.
Following the Consultative Act which changed OAU to AU at the Lome Summit on July 11, 2000, no thorough review of the OAU performance had been reviewed.  As a result, the African Union objectives are no different from the mistakes that were established by colonialists in Article III of the OAU Charter: defence of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its member states.  Thus, the objectives of AU are contradict each other as shown by the marked stars:
  • Achieve greater unity and solidarity between African countries and the peoples of Africa
  • Defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States;
  • Accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent;
  • Promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples;
  • Encourage international cooperation^ taking due account of the Charter of the United
  • Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
  • Promote peace, security, and stability on the continent;
  • Promote democratic principles and institutions, popular participation and good governance;
  • Promote and protect human peoples” rights in accordance with the African Charter on
  • Human and Peoples’ Rights and other relevant human rights instruments;
  • Establish the necessary conditions which enable the continent to play its rightful role   in the global economy and in international negotiations;
  • Promote sustainable development at the economic, social and cultural levels as well as the integration of African economies;
  • Promote cooperation in all fields of human activity to raise the living standards of African peoples;
  • Coordinate and harmonise the policies between the existing and future Regional
  • Economic Communities for the gradual attainment of the objectives of the Union;
  • Advance the development of the continent by promoting research in all fields, in particular in science and technology; and
  • Work with relevant international partners in the eradication of preventable diseases  and the promotion of good health care

AFRICAN PASSPORTS

The Time Magazine once described Trump as a bully, showman, party crasher and demagogue.  Lack of leadership integrity among African leaders has reduced  AU chairpersons like president Mugabe of Zimbabwe as bullies, showmen and demagogues.  The AU has no set priorities, no set objectives, and no strategies to achieve  those objectives.
Read the second part of article next week